You may then be asked briefly about your identity, destination, or reason for being in an area. The second level of intrusion is called a common-law inquiry. The third type of encounter is more intrusive and is called a stop, where the officer temporarily detains you, even using reasonable force to do so. The investigation will focus on the details of the encounter, in accordance with New York State law, police department rules and the United States Constitution. Whether the officer had a search warrant or arrest warrant authorizing the search; or 4. During a stop you are not under arrest, but you are not free to leave.
Tegan. Age: 28.
When an officer stops your car, the officer must have reasonable suspicion that someone in the car committed a crime, or probable cause to believe the driver committed a traffic violation.
Saige. Age: 24.
Stop, Question and Frisk
During a stop, if an officer reasonably believes you have a weapon, he or she is permitted to pat down frisk your outer clothing. Whether the officer had probable cause to believe that you committed a crime; 2. The officer must have a reasonable suspicion that you are committing, have committed, or are about to commit a crime.